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This directorate specializes in determining the disease or medical condition explaining the patient's signs and symptoms. The directorate also handles the treatment of diseases or disorders by remedial methods such as exercising the body among others.

This includes the following:-

1. Diagnostic Imaging (Radiology & Nuclear Medicine): This is medical imaging used for diagnosis, monitoring, screening and treatment of diseases. Diagnostic Imaging is divided in to the following tests,

a) Computerized Tomography(CT)-Scan: This uses computers and rotating x-rays to create a cross sectional image of the body.

b) Screening: This is an examination carried on a symptom free person who may have a disease or health complication that has not been detected.

c) X-ray Examination: This is an electromagnetic waves radiation used to create images of the body's interior.

d) Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI): This imaging technology uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed picture or image of the body's internal structures.

e) Utrasonography: This detects fractures and other abnormalities of a patient's skeletal bones.

f) Fluoroscopy: This is an imaging technique that use x-ray radiations that displays a real-time image of the body's interior structures on a viewing screen or monitor.

g) Nuclear Medicine: This uses radio-isotopes for diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of diseases.

h) Ultrasound: This imaging technology uses high frequency waves to characterize a tissue.

2. Pathology & Clinical Laboratories: This is a branch of diagnostics that carries out medical tests on clinical specimens for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases.

a) Haematology: This uses measurements of blood samples for the diagnosis of blood conditions including infections, anemia, hemophilia, leukemia among others.

b) Chemistry: This test uses chemical reactions to determine the levels of various chemical compounds in a patient's bodily fluids.

c) Pathology/Biopsy: This test is carried out through extraction of a patient's piece of body tissue for a close detailed examination.

d) Microbiology: This test majorly specializes in the diagnosis of microbial germs such as viruses, bacterium, parasites and fungi in a patient's body.


This includes the following:-

1. Physiotherapy: This is the physical therapy such as massage, use of assitive devices, patient education and trainig administered to a patient for the prevention or restoration of movement and physical function impaired or threatened by a disease, injury, or disability.

2. Occupational Therapy: This is self therapy were a patient is adviced to engage in meaningful healthy daily life activities such as self care skills, working among others despite his or her impairments in physical appearance or mental functioning.

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